Dog Vaccination in Detail - How to apply and what diseases are prevented

Vaccination in dogs is something that all pet owners should keep in mind when adding a new canine friend to the family. Preventing dogs from diseases ranging from the simplest and most common to the most serious and fatal, vaccines available to dogs today can be the perfect solution for your pet to have a long and healthy life.

Parvovirus, distemper, kennel cough, giardia and rabies are just some of the several diseases that can be prevented in your pet by vaccination in dogs. However, canine pet owners should keep in mind that, although vaccines are essential to prevent many diseases, they can also cause problems if they are not administered correctly; increasing the chance that your pet will develop chronic illnesses due to excessive medication.

When adopting a puppy, it is essential that your guardian seeks to be well informed about the dates and the most important types of vaccine for the animal, and a visit to a veterinary professional is necessary at this time, as he is able to clarify all kinds of doubts in relation to vaccination in dogs and, also, indicate the most suitable places for this important medication to be administered.

Much of the main animal vaccines - as in the case of humans - should be given to animals that are still young, and some of them need reinforcements in certain periods of time. For this reason, consulting a veterinarian right after adopting a puppy is so important, since, after about 45 days of life, puppies can already be properly immunized to avoid high-severity problems throughout life.

Check out, in this article, some of the most important vaccines to be taken by your dog, and know what kind of precaution is necessary for your pet to be immune to a series of diseases and zoonoses common to dogs.

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Vaccination schedule

So that none of the main vaccines for your pet's health is not forgotten, it is important to know what they are and, with the calendar below, it is possible to better organize your pet's immunizations - which should be started from the 60 days of life of the animal and have intervals of 21 days between them:

  • VX vaccine (1st multipurpose dose = V8 or V 10)
  • VX vaccine (2nd dose) + TC vaccine (1st dose of Dog Cough immunization)
  • VX vaccine (3rd dose) + TC vaccine (2nd dose)
  • GI vaccine (1st dose against Giardia)
  • GI vaccine (2nd dose) + VR vaccine (Anti Rabies)

Vaccination in puppies

In addition to preventing your pet from illnesses throughout life, vaccination is important, especially for puppies - who have a weak immune system at this stage of life and, therefore, are even more likely to be infected by different viruses and bacteria. It is even recommended that unvaccinated puppies avoid contact with animals that, even vaccinated, go out into the street. Even in veterinary clinics, pets must remain in the lap of the owners, avoiding the possibility of contagion.

In the vast majority of cases, vaccination in dogs follows a very specific schedule, with vaccines called V8 and V10 being the most suitable and important for puppies, also known as multipurpose, combined or multiple vaccines. The difference in numbering of vaccines is due to the amount of antigens they have, and while V8 protects against Leptospira Canicola and Leptospira Icterohahemorrhagiae, V10 includes, in addition to these, antigens for Leptospira Grippotyphosa and Leptospira Pomona.

In theory, opting for vaccine for dogs higher numbering would be the best choice, since it could prevent the animal from more diseases, however, the high number of antigens is not necessarily indicated for all dogs. As disease subtypes vary according to different regions of the world, many dogs can live in places where certain subtypes do not exist and, therefore, there would be no reason for immunization.

Administered in three doses, the V8 or V10 vaccines should be given to your pet when he is 45, 66 and 87 days old, respectively; and must be renewed annually to ensure their effectiveness. Upon completing 129 days of life, the puppies must be vaccinated against rabies, guaranteeing the immunity of another disease.

In the case of puppies that for some reason have not finished weaning or do not have knowledge about their mother's vaccination history, the first dose to be taken is protection against distemper and parvovirus. This being an specific vaccine for this type of case, it is necessary that a veterinarian is consulted, as only he will be able to indicate which additional measures must be taken so that your puppy is healthy. This is a measure applied before the official start of the vaccination protocol.

Diseases prevented by vaccines

Multipurpose vaccines (V8 or V10) guarantee the protection of puppies against seven specific diseases, and vaccines against rabies, giardia and coughing in dogs are also extremely important for maintaining the health of dogs (and should be administered according to the schedule. previously exposed), as you can see below:

  • Canine distemper

Highly contagious, distemper is transmitted by direct contact between an infected animal and a healthy one, or by objects infected by the virus, which can lead unvaccinated dogs to death. Asymptomatic in some cases, the disease can affect the entire organism of the affected dog, causing everything from vomiting, diarrhea and lack of appetite to paralysis, seizures, spinal and brain injuries. Learn more about Distemper

  • Canine Infectious Hepatitis

Also known as Rubarth's Disease, Canine Infectious Hepatitis is transmitted by the dog's contact with secretions, excrement or blood contaminated by Canine Adenovirus 1 (CAV-1). Affecting the liver function of the animal, the disease can also cause changes in the Central Nervous System and its symptoms include fever, abdominal pain and vomiting in milder cases; triggering seizure attacks, depression and coma in the most severe conditions.

  • Adenovirus

Caused by Adenovirus Type II, Adenovirus is responsible for respiratory problems in dogs affected by the disease, which facilitates new infections and, consequently, more serious and complicated conditions, such as pneumonia.

  • Coronavirus

Fatal in some cases, Coronavirus has the Canine Coronavirus as the transmitting agent, found in the feces of infected animals. With vomiting and diarrhea as the main symptoms, the disease can trigger fever, bloody excrement, depression, loss of appetite and dehydration.

  • Canine Parainfluenza

One of the causes of coughing in dogs, Parainfluenza Canina is transmitted by direct contact between healthy animals and animals infected with the disease virus, causing severe coughs, secretions, fever and runny nose. In more severe cases, it can weaken the animal's immune system, facilitating other complications that can be lethal.

  • Parvovirus

Very contagious and one of the most lethal in puppies, Canine Parvovirus is transmitted by the contact of healthy animals with contaminated feces and secretions, and can be fatal to untreated dogs. Diarrhea, vomiting and dehydration are among the symptoms of the disease, which can also cause depression, breathing problems and the sudden death of apparently healthy puppies. Learn more about Parvovirus

  • Canine Leptospirosis

Transmitted by the urine of rats, Canine Leptospirosis is a zoonosis, and can be classified into 4 different serotypes: Icterohahemorrhagiae, Canicola, Grippotyphosa and Pomona. Discouragement, vomiting, bleeding, diarrhea and abdominal pain are some of the symptoms of the disease, which can progress to chronic kidney disease and lead the dog to death. Learn more about Canine Leptospirosis

  • Giardia

Caused by the protozoan Giárdia Lamblia, giardia is one of the most common causes of intestinal problems in dogs. Transmitted by direct contact with other animals and mainly by water, the disease has diarrhea, vomiting, abdominal pain, weight loss and dehydration among its main signs, although a large part of those infected remain asymptomatic. The diagnosis of giardia is made by analyzing the animal's feces, and the treatment of the disease includes deworming and administration of antibiotics. Learn more about Giárdia

  • Kennel Cough

Also called Canine Infectious Tracheobronchitis, Kennel Cough is a disease that affects the respiratory system of dogs, causing intense coughing attacks. Sick puppies and adult dogs are most likely to contract the problem, which has Parainfluenza Virus, Adenovirus Type 2 and the bacterium Bronchiseptica Bordetela as agents. Highly contagious, the disease is transmitted by the contact of healthy dogs with infected animals or by aerosols (droplets eliminated by sneezing).

  • Anger

Transmitted through the contact of a healthy dog ​​with the saliva of an infected animal, canine rabies is fatal in almost 100% of cases, being considered one of the most dangerous zoonoses. Incurable, the disease can only be prevented through annual vaccinations, and it manifests itself in three different ways: Furious Rabies, Mute Rabies and Intestinal Rabies. Exaggerated aggressiveness, constant salivation, changes in behavior and paralysis are some of its symptoms, which evolve until the animal reaches death. Learn more about Canine Rabies

Vaccine reactions in puppies

Some puppies may behave strangely after the vaccines are administered, however, most of the time this is not a cause for concern. Because the vaccine contains, precisely, a sample of the antigens to which it will immunize, it is common for dogs to be somewhat apathetic and look tired in the first 24 hours after application of the drug. This is due to the pain of the application and the fever expected by the animal's reaction to the applied vaccine.

The indicated in these cases is simply to keep the animal at rest, since its body is working to assimilate the vaccine in your immune system. If the puppy dog ​​continues to behave after this initial period, it is recommended that a veterinarian be contacted, so that he can examine the pet and give further guidance on how it should be cared for.

Vaccination in adult dogs

As with puppies, V8 or V10 vaccines should be administered to adult dogs - whether they have a prior vaccination history or not. In the case that they have never been immunized, unlike puppies that do not yet have the immune system formed, only one dose of each vaccine is needed to start immunization, and renewed annually. For those who already have vaccines in the history, simple annual maintenance is enough to keep the pet protected.

Although there is no case of malformation of the puppies due to vaccines for dogs, pregnant dogs should not receive this type of medication until they have their children, as the effectiveness of the antigens can be impaired. Ideally, the dog should be vaccinated (as previously indicated) as a puppy or only after the puppies are born.

What precautions to take when vaccinating dogs?

It is worth remembering that, for vaccines to be fully effective, the pet must be in good health when receiving the medication. Signs such as fever, diarrhea or some type of nasal or ocular discharge may be an indication that the application should be delayed for some time; bearing in mind that, in animals with some type of health problem, vaccine failures can occur due to the weakened organism of the animal, which is medicated, but is not protected against diseases.

In addition, some care must also be taken so that the vaccination process no pet be more relaxed, both for the animal and for those who are going to administer the vaccines in it. In the case of large dogs, it is indicated that they are attached by the collar and accompanied by people of sufficient size to control them at the time of application - when they tend to be quite agitated - and it is not advisable that children be chosen to be with the pet at the time of the process.

The most nervous dogs should always be with the muzzle at the time of administration of the vaccine, since they can react aggressively and hurt both those who apply the medication and their own owner.

It is also essential that the dates and periods between vaccines are respected according to the veterinarian's indication, as their effectiveness may be compromised in the case of wrong administration.

Where to vaccinate your dog

Our recommendation for vaccination is always with a veterinarian. The clinical examination, the decision of which vaccines to be taken and access to superior quality vaccines are essential for the good maintenance of the animal's health and such care will only be possible with the help of these professionals. In addition, vaccination validation will only be accepted with the stamp and signature of a Veterinarian.

Dog Health
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