At the beginning there is usually plaque: The causes of tartar in dogs are deposits on the teeth, in the interdental spaces and on the gumline. Bacteria also play a role in the formation of tartar in most cases. This is further promoted by food residues - especially in the case of inadequate dental care. Components of the saliva as well as detached scales of the oral mucosa also contribute to the formation of plaque.
If the dog's teeth are not cleaned daily, mineral salts from the saliva are deposited on the rough surface of this covering. When this layer hardens, the tartar is formed in the dog.
One of the classic causes is too little salivation in the mouth of the four-legged friend. Small dogs with a short snout in particular suffer from this - because this makes the animals pant more than larger ones. If there is not enough saliva in the mouth, bacteria have an easier time settling there. The saliva cleans the teeth of food residues.
Improper nutrition is also a trigger for tartar in dogs. For example, too much sugar is very unhealthy and above all harmful to the teeth. The sugar promotes the multiplication of bacteria in the oral cavity, which in turn can lead to plaque and tartar. Too much wet and little dry food can also damage the teeth because there is too little tooth abrasion. This means that the teeth cannot clean themselves sufficiently.